For the territorial state over which it ruled, see, Other notable members of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Rulers & Politics The dynastic history of Ptolemaic Egypt is very confusing, because all the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, and because many of them married their sisters, who were often called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. One of the unique and often misunderstood aspects of the Ptolemaic dynasty is how and why it never became Egyptian. While widely used and useful, the system does have its shortcomings. Ptolemies Rule Egypt, The. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. How to make a timeline? King of Mauretania. Ptolemy's family ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest of 30 BC. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. A dynasty is a series of rulers belonging to the same family. Ptolemaic Egypt (by Sally-Ann Ashton) Following the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, his kingdom was divided amongst his generals. The first child-producing incestuous marriage in the Ptolemaic dynasty was that of Ptolemy IV and Arsinoe III, who were succeeded as co-pharaohs by their son Ptolemy V, born 210 BC. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. The names of the last two, the short-lived Thirty-First Dynasty and the longer-lasting Ptolemaic Dynasty, are later coinings. The last Ptolemaic queen was the famous Cleopatra, the lover of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. [7] All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy, while queens regnant were all called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. Cleopatra III Philometor Soteira Dikaiosyne Nikephoros (Kokke), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Epiphanius' Treatise on Weights and Measures - The Syriac Version, Move over, Lannisters: No one did incest and murder like the last pharaohs, "Morbid obesity and hypersomnolence in several members of an ancient royal family", "Familial proptosis and obesity in the Ptolemies", Muslim conquest of Mesopotamia and Persia, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptolemaic_dynasty&oldid=998143437, States and territories established in the 4th century BC, States and territories disestablished in the 1st century BC, 1st-millennium BC disestablishments in Egypt, 1st-century BC disestablishments in Greece, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox family with unknown parameters, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2021, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 01:05. $('#timeline_types_input').attr('value',timelineTypesChecked.join(',')); Ptolemy of Macedon founded the Ptolemaic Dynasty. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Migration & Trade In view of the familial nature of these findings, members of this dynasty likely suffered from a multi-organ fibrotic condition such as Erdheim–Chester disease or a familial multifocal fibrosclerosis where thyroiditis, obesity and ocular proptosis may have all occurred concurrently.[15]. Their reign lasted from 323 BC to 30 BC according to the Biblical Timeline Poster with World History. In continuation of the tradition established by previous Egyptian dynasties, the Ptolemies engaged in inbreeding including sibling marriage, with many of the pharaohs being married to their siblings and often co-ruling with them. Early life and career Here is a brief outline of the timeline of the Ancient Egyptian civilization showing the Kingdoms, periods, and dynasties: Early Dynastic Period (2950 -2575 BC) - Dynasties I-III The Ancient Egyptian civilization begins. Their rule lasted for 275 years, from 305 to 30 BC. Make educational timelines or create a timeline for your company website. Sardonyx cameo of a Ptolemaic prince as the Greek god Hermes, Cabinet des médailles, Paris. A Macedonian general by the name of Ptolemy, who had been with Alexander in Egypt, declared himself satrap of Egypt. Pfrommer, Michael; Towne-Markus, Elana (2001). Categories: The timeline of the Ptolemaic Dynasty is as difficult to follow as the Intermediate Periods because there are frequent co-regencies, kings and queens sometimes fall out of power only to regain it, and several kings come to violent ends very early in their reign. tl_categories_checked(); States & Territories They frequently ruled jointly with their wives, who were often also their sisters. The Ptolemies, who originally came from Macedonia, were some of the most intriguing families in history. timelineTypesChecked.push(this.value); Several queens exercised regal authority. var timelineTypesChecked = []; This inbreeding was intended to stabilize the family; wealth a… When the dust of conflict has settled, he is firmly in control of Egypt and has strong claims (disuputed by the Seleucid dynasty) to Palestine. The most famous member of the line was the last Ptolemaic … } Despite this, his family ruled Egypt for almost 300 years with the famous Cleopatra VII as the last queen of Egypt in 30 BC. Ptolemaic Dynasty The Nineteenth Dynasty of ancient Egypt was one of the periods of the Egyptian New Kingdom . The Ptolemaic dynasty finally came to end with the advent of the Roman empire. Their rule lasted for 275 years, from 305 to 30 BC. Ptolemy, son of Lagos took control of Egypt and governed the country until 305 BC, when he was crowned King. In 305 BC, he declared himself Ptolemy I, later known as Sōter "Saviour". Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for. Ptolemy, one of the seven somatophylakes (bodyguards) of Macedon who served as Alexander the Great's generals and deputies, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. This started the Ptolemaic Dynasty, which lasted until 204 BC according to the Biblical Timeline with World History. In 332, the Macedonian king Alexander the Great conquered Egypt and gave a new capital to the old kingdom along the Nile, Alexandria. Ptolemies: name of the last dynasty of independent Egypt. The first Pharaoh of Egypt, Menes, united the Upper and Lower parts of … This is all likely due to inbreeding within the Ptolemaic dynasty. The names of the last two, the short-lived Thirty-First Dynasty and the longer-lasting Ptolemaic Dynasty, are later coinings. How to make a timeline? Civilization & Science Twenty-fourth Dynasty of EgyptTefnakht Bakenranef, (Sargonid dynasty)Tiglath-Pileser† Shalmaneser† Marduk-apla-iddina II Sargon† Sennacherib† Marduk-zakir-shumi II Marduk-apla-iddina II Bel-ibni Ashur-nadin-shumi† Nergal-ushezib Mushezib-Marduk Esarhaddon† Ashurbanipal Ashur-etil-ilani Sinsharishkun Sin-shumu-lishir Ashur-uballit II, Seleucid Empire: Seleucus I Antiochus I Antiochus II Seleucus II Seleucus III Antiochus III Seleucus IV Antiochus IV Antiochus V Demetrius I Alexander III Demetrius II Antiochus VI Dionysus Diodotus Tryphon Antiochus VII Sidetes, Macedonian Greek royal family which ruled Egypt, This article is about the royal family. Nature & Climate On the death of Alexander’s last heirs, his conquests were divided among his generals: the Ptolemaic dynasty begins in 305 B.C., when one of Alexander’s generals, Ptolemy, became Ptolemy I of Egypt. Ptolemaic pharaohs all took the name Ptolemy, and their queens took the names Cleopatra, Arsinoe, or Berenice. [6] They were the last dynasty of ancient Egypt. Cleopatra was the last Pharaoh of t he Kingdom of Egypt & the last active ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Dates in brackets represent the regnal dates of the Ptolemaic pharaohs. Ptolemaic Dynasty - The Dynasties The names of the dynasties spanning Ptolemaic Dynasty were: 1st - First Egyptian Dynasty Some dynasties only ruled part of Egypt and existed concurrently with other dynasties based in other cities. While widely used and useful, the system does have its shortcomings. After his death (11 June 323), his friend Ptolemy became s... 280 BC - 1480 In 332, the Macedonian king Alexander the Great conquered Egypt and gave a new capital to the old kingdom along the Nile, Alexandria. Some dynasties only ruled part of Egypt and existed concurrently with other dynasties based in other cities. The names of the last two, the short-lived Thirty-First Dynasty and the longer-lasting Ptolemaic Dynasty, are later coinings. The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. 365-Day Calendar Only one of her forebears truly set the tone for the dynasty, creating a mold that had roya Select: all / none. In every respect they remained completely Greek, both in their language and traditions. SixteenthDynasty During the reign of Ptolemy IV Philopater (222-205 BC), Celtic soldiers had become a part of the culture of Ptolemaic Egypt. $('.chk_timeline_types').change(function() { The Ptolemaic Dynasty did not come to an end until 30 BC when the famous CLEOPATRA died. Of these, one of the last and most famous was Cleopatra ("Cleopatra VII Philopator", 51–30 BC), with her two brothers and her son serving as successive nominal co-rulers. Her apparent suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt. After his death (11 June 323), his friend Ptolemy became s 1980 to 1800 B.C. Familial Graves' disease could explain the swollen necks and eye prominence (exophthalmos), although this is unlikely to occur in the presence of morbid obesity. The first Ptolemy came to power after the death of … Search through the entire ancient history timeline. Search through the entire ancient history timeline. They were the last dynasty of ancient Egypt. Ptolemaic Dynasty Timeline. $('.chk_timeline_types:checked').each(function(elem) { This unique characteristic was maintained through intermarriage; most often these marriages were either between brother and sister or even uncle and niece. Average Rules by Dynasty This is just a simple interesting graph that shows which dynasty rulers stayed on the throne the longest on average , and it turns out it’s the 12th dynasty (ca. Founded by Vizier Ramesses I , whom Pharaoh Horemheb chose as his successor to the throne, this dynasty is best known for its military conquests in modern Israel, Lebanon, and Syria. ... Timeline (Key events of her life) Around 51 B.C. Until the fall of Ptolemaic dynasty, they remained a very important part of the army. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you … But what of all the Cleopatras who came before her? Timetoast's free timeline maker lets you create timelines online. Cleopatra maneuvered her way through Egyptian, Greek, and Roman politics, defying the odds to keep the Ptolemaic dynasty – and Egypt’s independence – going. Although they were rulers of Egypt they kept greek traditions and bloodlines up to their last ruler, Cleopatra. Ptolemaic Dynasty Was the last rulinf if Egypt, the last ruler was Queen Cleopatra VIII, who committed suicide, marking the end of the Ptolemaic Kingdom, after with the Romans and Araba rules the country. He was not the last of the Ptolemaic rulers, however. [7], Contemporaries describe a number of the Ptolemaic dynasty members as extremely obese,[14] whilst sculptures and coins reveal prominent eyes and swollen necks. Ptolemy V, also called Epiphanes ("the illustrious one"), was the last of the Ptolemaic rulers to hold control over Palestine and the people of Israel. )—son of Juba II of Mauretania and Cleopatra Selene II, daughter of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony. Under the early Ptolemaic, the culture was exclusively Greek. Ptolemaic Dynasty The Ptolemaic Dynasty ruled Egypt from 323 to 30 BCE. The most significant facts about Ptolemaic Kingdom in interactive timeline full of images, videos, and quotations AbydosDynasty The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a Hellenistic kingdom founded in Egypt by Ptolemy I Soter and was ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty which started with his accession after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC. Ptolemy of Mauretania (died 40 C.E. During his stay in Egypt, he also founded the legendary city of Alexandriaat the location of the formerly unimportant Egyptian town of Rhakotis. Timeline Search. function tl_categories_checked() { The Kingdom finally ended in 30 BC when Cleopatra VII died with the Roman conquest of Egypt.. The Ptolemaic dynasty (/ˌtɒlɪˈmeɪɪk/; Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖοι, Ptolemaioi), sometimes also known as the Lagids (/ˈlædʒɪdz/) or Lagidae (/ˈlædʒɪdi/; Λαγίδαι, Lagidai, after Lagus, Ptolemy I's father), was a Macedonian Greek[1][2][3][4][5] royal family, which ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt during the Hellenistic period. After Alexander’s death in 323 BC, his empire was divided between his generals. The Ptolemaic dynasty Until the day when he openly assumed an independent kingship as Ptolemy I Soter, on November 7, 305 bce, Ptolemy used only the title satrap of Egypt, but the great hieroglyphic Satrap stela, which he had inscribed in 311 bce, indicates … ɪ k /; Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, romanized: Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was an ancient Hellenistic state based in Egypt.It was founded in 305 BC by Ptolemy I Soter, a companion of Alexander the Great, and lasted until the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC. Ptolemy V Epiphanes hired an army of Thracian Celts to put down a revolt of the native Egyptian population in Upper Egypt. Well, ... Egypt's Early Dynastic Period begins when the First Dynasty is established under the Pharaoh Menes 2,900 BCE. The most famous Ptolemaic pharaoh, Cleopatra VII, was at different times married to and reigning with two of her brothers (Ptolemy XIII until 47 BC and then Ptolemy XIV until 44 BC), and their parents were likely siblings or possibly cousins as well. The first thirty divisions are due to the 3rd century BC Egyptian priest Manetho, and appeared in his now-lost work Aegyptiaca. }); The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. ). This dynasty was to rule Egypt and other holdings until the defeat of Antony at Actium (30BCE). ... Ptolemaic Dynasty The Ptolemaic dynasty controlled Egypt for almost three centuries they then was falling to the Romans Period: 221. to . The Ptolemys coexisted as both Egyptian pharaohs as well as Greek monarchs. Ptolemaic Period: Ptolemaic Period: 293 years: 30 BC - 640 AD Egypt in the Roman Period: Roman/Byzantine Period: 670 years 640-1517 Egypt in the Islamic Period: Islamic Period : 877 years 1517-1805 Ottoman Period : 288 years 1805-1919 The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony. He calls himself king of Egypt from 306 BC. Well, it's easy as toast! Ptolemaic Period Egypt After Alexander’s death of a malarial fever in 323 B.C., the Macedonian commander in Egypt, Ptolemy, who was the son of Lagos, one of Alexander’s seven bodyguards, managed to secure for himself the satrapy (provincial governorship) of Egypt. He … Ptolemy I Soter, (born 367/366 bc, Macedonia—died 283/282, Egypt), Macedonian general of Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (323–285 bc) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which reigned longer than any other dynasty established on the soil of the Alexandrian empire and only succumbed to the Romans in 30 bc. War(fare) & Battles Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) liberated Egypt from the Persians in the autumn of 332 BC. Like the earlier dynasties of ancient Egypt, the Ptolemaic dynasty practiced inbreeding including sibling marriage, but this did not start in earnest until nearly a century into the dynasty's history. Arts & Culture His dynasty is known as the Lagids (Lagides) or Ptolemies. Philosophy & Religion Ptolemies: name of the last dynasty of independent Egypt. SeventeenthDynasty, (1500–1100 BCE)Kidinuid dynastyIgehalkid dynastyUntash-Napirisha, Twenty-first Dynasty of EgyptSmendes Amenemnisu Psusennes I Amenemope Osorkon the Elder Siamun Psusennes II, Twenty-third Dynasty of EgyptHarsiese A Takelot II Pedubast I Shoshenq VI Osorkon III Takelot III Rudamun Menkheperre Ini The Ptolemaic dynasty , sometimes also known as the Lagids (/ˈlædʒɪdz/) or Lagidae (/ˈlædʒɪdi/; Λαγίδαι, Lagidai, after Lagus, Ptolemy I's father), was a Macedonian Greek royal family, which ruled the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt during the Hellenistic period. }); The time period covering the Ptolemaic Dynasty is 332 BC - 30BC and was established by Alexander the Great and ended with the death of Queen Cleopatra. Cities & Buildings By the time he abdicates in 285, in favour of one of his sons, the Ptolemaic dynasty is secure. Several systems exist for numbering the later rulers; the one used here is the one most widely employed by modern scholars. Ptolemy I and other early rulers of the dynasty were not married to their relatives, the childless marriage of siblings Ptolemy II and Arsinoe II[13] being an exception. The Ptolemaic Kingdom (/ ˌ t ɒ l ɪ ˈ m eɪ. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. tl_categories_checked(); At times he holds Cyprus and even parts of mainland Greece. Dynasty was to rule Egypt, declared himself satrap of Egypt and governed the country until 305 BC he... The last two, the short-lived Thirty-First Dynasty and the longer-lasting Ptolemaic Dynasty, they remained completely,... While widely used and useful, the lover of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony location of the Roman.! Of one of his sons, the lover of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony recommend,... 222-205 BC ), Celtic soldiers had become a part of the culture of Ptolemaic Dynasty controlled Egypt for three... 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