On Diego Garcia, this equates to a maximum depth of 20 m. However, the actual size and depth of each lens is dependent on the width and shape of the island at that point, the permeability of the aquifer, and the equilibrium between recharging rainfall and losses to evaporation to the atmosphere, transpiration by plants, tidal advection, and human use. From 1971 to 1973, United States Navy LSTs provided this service. In 1966, the population of the island was 924. He said that the BIOT's former inhabitants would find it difficult, if not impossible, to pursue their claim for resettlement on the islands if the entire Chagos Archipelago were a marine reserve. This 3.7 km2 lens holds an estimated 19 million m3 of fresh water and has an average daily recharge from rainfall over 10,000 m3, of which 40% remains in the lens and 60% is lost through evapotranspiration. The first map which identifies and names "Los Chagos" (in about the right position) is that of Pierre Desceliers (Dieppe 1550), although Diego Garcia is not named. [58] The BIOT administration was moved to Seychelles following the independence of Mauritius in 1968 until the independence of Seychelles in 1976,[24] and to a desk in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London since.[59]. Randy, WW6RG will be active again from Diego Garcia, IOTA AF-006, Chagos Islands, starting 18 January 2021, … Beginning in the late 15th century, Portuguese explorers began to venture into the Indian Ocean and recorded the location of Mauritius and the other Mascarene Islands, Rodrigues and Réunion(the latter presently a French overseas department). [109], Also, areas of remnant tropical hardwood forest are at the sites of the plantation-era villages, as well as Casuarina equisetifolia (iron wood pines) woodlands. Diego Garcia is an island of the British Indian Ocean Territory, an overseas territory of the United Kingdom. [15], According to Southern Maldivian oral tradition, traders and fishermen were occasionally lost at sea and got stranded on one of the islands of the Chagos. [123] The 680-hectare Barton Point Nature Reserve was identified as an Important Bird Area for its large breeding colony of red-footed boobies. Mauritius’s series of legal and diplomatic victories and unrelenting drive to win uncontested sovereignty of the Chagos Archipelago suggest that the clock may be running out for the U.K., and by extension the U.S., in Diego Garcia. The 1967 survey, published by the Smithsonian[106] is used as the most authoritative baseline for more recent research. The shallow reef shelf surrounding the island on the ocean side offers no ocean-side anchorage. The Washington Times Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Diego Garcia lies at the southernmost tip of the Chagos-Laccadive Ridge, a vast underwater mountain range[7] with peaks consisting of coral reefs, atolls, and islands comprising Lakshadweep, the Maldives, and the Chagos Archipelago. [83], Diego Garcia is the largest land mass in the Chagos Archipelago (which includes Peros Banhos, the Salomon Islands, the Three Brothers, the Egmont Islands, and the Great Chagos Bank), being an atoll occupying approximately 174 square kilometres (67 sq mi), of which 27.19 square kilometres (10 sq mi) is dry land. [143][144], Naval Support Facility Diego Garcia provides Base Operating Services to tenant commands located on the island. Low-intensity storms have hit the island, including one in 1901, which blew over 1,500 coconut trees;[99] one on 16 September 1944,[100] which caused the wreck of a Royal Air Force PBY Catalina; one in September 1990 which demolished the tent city then being constructed for United States Air Force bomber crews during Operation Desert Storm;[87] and one on 22 July 2007, when winds exceeded 60 kn (110 km/h) and over 250 mm (9.8 in) of rain fell in 24 hours. This snake feeds on the larvae, eggs, and pupae of ants and termites, and is about the size of a large earthworm. The U.N. General Assembly, Pope Francis, international courts and a host of other stakeholders support those claims. The commissioner is assisted by an administrator and small staff, and is based in London and is resident in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Juvenile hawksbills are quite common in the lagoon and at Barachois Sylvane (also known as Turtle Cove) in the southern part of the lagoon. This fringing seaward reef shelf comprises an area around 35.2 km2 (14 sq mi). Other nesting native birds include red-tailed tropicbirds (Phaethon rubricauda), wedge-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus pacificus), Audubon's shearwater (Puffinus iherminierii), black-naped terns (Sterna sumatrana), white (or fairy) terns (Gygis alba), striated herons (Butorides striatus), and white-breasted waterhens (Amaurornis phoenicurus). They say the islands must be returned to Mauritania, a step that would seem to put the future of the Diego Garcia air base into question. [85], The island consists of the largest continuous dryland rim of all atolls in the world. [76] The human rights group Reprieve alleged that United States-operated ships moored outside the territorial waters of Diego Garcia were used to incarcerate and torture detainees. In: D. R. Stoddart (1971): "Terrestrial fauna of Diego Garcia and other Chagos atolls". The rim nearly encloses a lagoon about 19 km (12 mi) long and up to 8 km (5.0 mi) wide. Quiz: Are you smarter than an 8th grader? Another Portuguese expedition with a Spanish explorer of Andalusian origin, Diego García de Moguer,[20] rediscovered the island in 1544 and named it after himself. PDF | The article focuses on the importance of Diego Garcia for maritime security in the Indian Ocean | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate These fill from rainfall and from extending into the Ghyben-Herzberg lenses found on this island. [47] No current agreement exists on how many of the evacuees met the criteria to be an Ilois, and thus be an indigenous person at the time of their removal, but the UK and Mauritian governments agreed in 1972 that 426 families,[48] numbering 1,151 individuals,[40] were due compensation payments as exiled Ilois. A peak population of 1,142 on all islands was recorded in 1953. Most inhabitants of Diego Garcia through the period 1793–1971 were plantation workers, but also included Franco-Mauritian managers, Indo-Mauritian administrators, Mauritian and Seychellois contract employees, and in the late 19th century, Chinese and Somali employees. In addition, much of the lagoon waters are protected wetlands as a designated Ramsar site, and large parts of the island are nature preserves. Copyright © 2021 The Washington Times, LLC. The Sebastian Cabot map (Antwerp 1544) shows a number of islands to the south which may be the Mascarene Islands. U.K. officials have argued that the issue is a bilateral dispute between Mauritius and Britain and does not warrant international intervention. In February 2019, the International Court of Justice offered an advisory opinion that Britain’s decolonization of Mauritius was not completed lawfully because of the continued claims over the Chagos Archipelago. [40] Those who still remained on the island of Diego Garcia between 1971 and 1973 were forced onto cargo ships that were heading to Mauritius and the Seychelles. Uninhabited until the late 18th century, Diego Garcia had no indigenous population. It was first discovered by Europeans and named by the Portuguese, settled by the French in the 1790s and transferred to British rule after the Napoleonic Wars. [98], Thunderstorm activity is generally noticed during the afternoon and evenings during the summer months (December through March) and when the Intertropical Convergence Zone is in the vicinity of the island. The horizontal structure of each lens is influenced by variations in the type and porosity of the subsurface deposits, which on Diego Garcia are minor. [38] To satisfy the terms of an agreement between the UK and the United States for an uninhabited island, the plantation on Diego Garcia was closed in October of that year. [77], Several groups claim that the military base on Diego Garcia has been used by the United States government for transport of prisoners involved in the controversial extraordinary rendition program, an allegation formally reported to the Council of Europe in June 2007. The channel and anchorage areas in the northern half of the lagoon are dredged, along with the pre-1971 ship turning basin. Some sort of action needs to be taken now.”. A fourth, Anniversary Island, 1 km (1,100 yards) southwest of Middle Island, appears as just a sand bar on satellite images. From 1881 until 1888, Diego Garcia was the location of two coaling stations for steamships crossing the Indian Ocean. About Chagos Archipelago The land area of the islands is 56.13 km 2 and the largest island, Diego Garcia. [8], On 23 June 2017, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) voted in favour of referring the territorial dispute between Mauritius and the UK to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in order to clarify the legal status of the Chagos Islands archipelago in the Indian Ocean. Chagos. Although no birds are endemic, internationally important seabird colonies exist. Located in the middle of the Indian Ocean and out of cyclone range, it was ideal for keeping an eye on th… [42], Following the fall of the Shah of Iran and the Iran Hostage Crisis in 1979–1980, the West became concerned with ensuring the flow of oil from the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz, and the United States received permission for a $400-million expansion of the military facilities on Diego Garcia consisting of two parallel 12,000-foot-long (3,700 m) runways, expansive parking aprons for heavy bombers, 20 new anchorages in the lagoon, a deep-water pier, port facilities for the largest naval vessels in the American or British fleet, aircraft hangars, maintenance buildings and an air terminal, a 1,340,000 barrels (213,000 m3) fuel storage area, and billeting and messing facilities for thousands of sailors and support personnel. [21] Several Frenchmen living in "a dozen huts" abandoned Diego Garcia when the British East India Company attempted to establish a settlement there in April 1786. One of these is centred on the northwest point of the atoll; another is found near the Point Marianne Cemetery on the southeast end of the airfield. [74] On 31 July 2008, an unnamed former White House official alleged that the United States had imprisoned and interrogated at least one suspect on Diego Garcia during 2002 and possibly 2003. [3], Between 1968 and 1973, the now unemployed farm workers were forcibly removed from Diego Garcia by the UK Government so a joint US/UK military base could be established on the island. Diego Garcia (7°19'S, 72°25'E) is an atoll located in the heart of the Indian Ocean, some 1,000 miles (1,600 km) south of India's southern coast. - Diego Garcia is the largest of 55 islands that form the Chagos Archipelago within the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT) and is known as the "Footprint of Freedom" for its shape, regional location, and strategic importance. [131] Diego Garcia is strategically located, offering access to East Africa, the Middle East and Southeast Asia. [156] The ship delivered "more than 200,000 tons of cargo to the island each year. The main island is the largest of about 60 islands which form the Chagos Archipelago. You may not know it, but Diego Garcia is the largest continuous atoll in the world, and the Chagos Archipelago is the 2nd largest living reef anywhere (after the Great Barrier Reef). [22] Following the departure of the British, the French colony of Mauritius began marooning lepers on Diego Garcia,[22] and in 1793, the French established a coconut plantation using slave labour, which also exported cordage made from coconut fibre, and sea cucumbers, known as a delicacy in the Orient.[23]. [97], All precipitation falls as rain, characterised by air mass-type showers. However, Mauritius objected, stating this was contrary to its legal rights, and on 18 March 2015, the Permanent Court of Arbitration ruled that the Chagos Marine Protected Area was illegal under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea as Mauritius had legally binding rights to fish in the waters surrounding the Chagos Archipelago, to an eventual return of the Chagos Archipelago, and to the preservation of any minerals or oil discovered in or near the Chagos Archipelago prior to its return. UK MOD website on Permanent Joint Operating Base Diego Garcia. Diego Garcia, coral atoll, largest and southernmost member of the Chagos Archipelago, in the central Indian Ocean, part of the British Indian Ocean Territory. The command's mission is "To provide logistic support to operational forces forward deployed to the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf AORs in support of national policy objectives."[145]. [42], On 1 April 2010, the Chagos Marine Protected Area (MPA) was declared to cover the waters around the Chagos Archipelago. The United … [158] The Baffin Straits charter ran from 10 January 2005, to 30 September 2008, at a daily rate of US$12,550. The ferocity with which the U.S. and the U.K. guard Diego Garcia has only added to the secrecy surrounding the base. Diego Garcia became a colony of the UK after the Napoleonic Wars as part of the Treaty of Paris (1814), and from 1814 to 1965 it was administered from Mauritius. It cannot be replicated.”. Sea surface temperatures are in the range of 80–84 °F (27–29 °C) year-round. The United Kingdom separated the islands from Mauritius, a former British colony, three years before Mauritius gained its independence in 1968. The total number of people certified as Ilois by the Mauritian Government's Ilois Trust Fund Board in 1982 was 1,579. [153] Remaining essential operations were transferred to a contractor. In 1968, the first tactics were implemented to decrease the population of Diego Garcia. Shortly afterward, the U.N. General Assembly affirmed that opinion in a stunning 116-6 vote and demanded that Britain return the islands. In 1971, the BIOT Commissioner ordered the extermination of feral dogs following the departure of the last plantation workers, and the program continued through 1975, when the last feral dog was observed and shot. Location of Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean. For example, J. M. W. Topp collected data annually between 1993 and 2003 and found that on the average three new plant species arrived each year, mainly on Diego Garcia. [88], Diego Garcia lies within the influence of the South Equatorial current year-round. The Government of the BIOT consists of a commissioner appointed by the Queen. These included container ships for Air Force munitions, missiles and spare parts; a 500-bed hospital ship, and floating storage and offloading units assigned to Military Sealift Command supporting the Defense Logistics Agency, and an offshore petroleum discharge system (OPDS) tanker. Although the Cantino planisphere (1504) and the Ruysch map (1507) clearly delineate the Maldive Islands, giving them the same names, they do not show any islands to the south which can be identified as the Chagos archipelago. [60] Rather, the administration is represented in the territory by the officer commanding British Forces on Diego Garcia, the "Brit rep". Maintaining the status quo through 2036 may no longer be a viable option for Washington in Diego Garcia. These resolutions are formalised by an "Exchange of Notes", or, since 2001, an "Exchange of Letters". [11] In May 2019, the United Nations General Assembly affirmed the decision of the International Court of Justice and demanded that the United Kingdom withdraw its colonial administration from the Islands and cooperate with Mauritius to facilitate the resettlement of Mauritian nationals in the archipelago. In addition, much of the lagoon waters are protected wetlands as a designated Ramsar site, and large parts of the island are nature preserves. To the United States, Diego Garcia was a prime territory for setting up a foreign military base. Click to Read More The Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica of Hendrik Hondius II (Antwerp 1630) repeats Wright's use of the name, which is then proliferated on all subsequent Dutch maps of the period, and to the present day. In 2004, TransAtlantic Lines outbid Sealift Incorporated for the transport contract between Singapore and Diego Garcia. From 2004 to 2009, the US-flagged container ship MV Baffin Strait, often referred to as the "DGAR shuttle," delivered 250 containers every month from Singapore to Diego Garcia. The depth of the trench and its grade to the atoll's slope and shelf shore makes it more difficult for substantial tsunami waves to build before passing the atoll from the east. Diego Garcia was the site of several naval exercises between the United States and Indian navies held between 2001 and 2004. [26], In 1942, the British opened RAF Station Diego Garcia and established an advanced flying boat unit at the East Point Plantation, staffed and equipped by No 205 and No 240 Squadrons, then stationed on Ceylon. [84] The continuous portion of the atoll rim stretches 64 km (40 mi) from one end to the other, enclosing a lagoon 21 km (13 mi) long and up to 11 km (7 mi) wide, with a 6 km (4 mi) pass opening at the north. [citation needed], Between 1971 and 2001, the only residents on Diego Garcia were UK and US military personnel and civilian employees of those countries. The Holocene sediments are porous and completely saturated with sea water. The ship composition of MPSRON TWO is dynamic. [43][44], Diego Garcia had no permanent inhabitants when discovered by the Spanish explorer Diego García de Moguer in the 16th century, then in the service of Portugal, and this remained the case until it was settled as a French colony in 1793.[25]. [130] While the naval and airbase facilities on Diego Garcia are leased to the United States, in practice, it operates as a joint UK-US base, with the UK retaining full and continual access. [citation needed], Naval Security Group detachment Diego Garcia was disestablished on 30 September 2005. Vertical wells can cause salt upcoming into the lens, and overextraction will reduce freshwater pressure resulting in lateral intrusion by seawater. [111] No terrestrial plant species are of any conservation-related concern at present. The atoll shelters the ships of the United States Marine Pre-positioning Squadron Two. It is a militarised atoll just south of the equator in the central Indian Ocean, and the largest of 60 small islands comprising the Chagos Archipelago. [93] When a Ghyben-Herzberg lens is fully formed, its floating nature will push a freshwater head above mean sea level, and if the island is wide enough, the depth of the lens below mean sea level will be 40 times the height of the water table above sea level. The almost constant breeze keeps conditions reasonably comfortable. | ASIL", Mauritius to reiterate its conditions for renewed talks with UK on Chagos, "Chagossians fight for a home in paradise", "CIA interrogated suspects on Diego Garcia, says Colin Powell aide", "Terror suspects were interrogated on Diego Garcia, US official admits", "Written Answers to Questions 21 June 2004", "Detainee transcripts reveal more questions", "Claims of secret CIA jail for terror suspects on British island to be investigated", "Source: US Used UK Isle for Interrogations", "British island 'used by US for rendition, "Secret detentions and illegal transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states: second report", "WikiLeaks, a forgotten people, and the record-breaking marine reserve, Posted by Sean Carey – 8 December 2010", "Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands: Chagos Banks", "Science of the Chagos – Chagos Conservation Trust", "Important Dates of the Provisional People's Democratic Republic of Diego Garcia", "Salt Water vs. Fresh Water – Ghyben-Herzberg Lens", "Diego Garcia Navy base reports no damage from quake, tsunamis", "The Tsunami, Shore Erosion and Corals in the Chagos Islands", "Klimatafel von Diego Garcia, Chagos-Archipel / Indischer Ozean / Großbritannien", Return of the Right Whale: Assessment of Abundance, Population Structure and Geneflow in the New Zealand Southern Right Whale, "The Status and Location of the Military Installations of the Member States of the European Union", "A Neo-Nixon Doctrine for the Indian Ocean: Helping States Help Themselves", "Liberty Hall One Step Closer to a Cool Summer", "United States Navy Diego Garcia Support Facility", "Access to Indian Military Bases: Making India an Appendage to US", "Mauritius may relent on US base in Diego Garcia", "MV SSG EDWARD A. CARTER, JR. (T-AK 4544)", "USNS 1ST LT BALDOMERO LOPEZ (T-AK 3010)", "The HF-GCS and Emergency Action Messages", "USAF High Frequency Global Communications System", "Change at the helm for MSC's Diego Garcia office", "2006 Pollution Prevention and Solid Waste Success Stories", "Non-union operator wins charter held by Sagamore", "British Indian Ocean Territory Plant Species Checklist", "Diego Garcia and American Security in the Indian Ocean,", Chagos Islands Indigenous Population Support Internet Site, BBC News Exiles lose appeal over benefits, CIA World Factbook: British Indian Ocean Territory, "Diego Garcia and the United States' Emerging Indian Ocean Strategy,". [6], The atoll is located 3,535 km (2,197 mi) east of Tanzania's coast, 1,796 km (1,116 mi) south-southwest of the southern tip of India (at Kanyakumari), and 4,723 km (2,935 mi) west-northwest of the west coast of Australia (at Cape Range National Park, Western Australia). Arabs, who reached Lakshadweep and Maldives around 900 CE, may have visited the Chagos. tropical coral reefs and islands of the territory have a huge abundance of marine and terrestrial species One was recorded in 1812; one measuring 7.6 on the Richter Scale hit on 30 November 1983, at 23:46 local time and lasted 72 seconds, resulting in minor damage including wave damage to a 50-m stretch of the southern end of the island, and another on 2 December 2002, an earthquake measuring 4.6 on the Richter scale struck the island at 12:21 am. Pa. election worker in discarded ballots case won't be charged, prosecutor says. The United States requested an unpopulated island belonging to the UK to avoid political difficulties with newly independent countries, and ultimately the UK and United States agreed that Diego Garcia was a suitable location. [3] In April 1967, the BIOT Administration bought out Chagos-Agalega for £600,000, thus becoming the sole property owner in the BIOT. The total land area (excluding peripheral reefs) is around 30 km2 (12 sq mi). [132], During the Cold War era, following the British withdrawal from East of Suez, the United States was keen to establish a military base in the Indian Ocean to counter Soviet influence and establish American dominance in the region and protect its sea-lanes for oil transportation from the Middle East. that the island was named after one of its first two discoverers—the one by the name of Garcia, the other with name Diego. British claim to control key Indian Ocean base facing serious challenge, Armed insurrection: Congress votes to overturn the next election, Kim Jong-un’s threat to bring U.S. ‘to its knees’ heightens Biden’s challenges, GINGRICH: Big Tech is a big fraud with its bogus censorship. ‘Hello, my wonderful social justice warriors’: School sued over critical race theory instruction, American Thinker, conservative blog, apologizes for 'completely false' Dominion Voting articles, HHS Secretary Alex Azar to Trump: Capitol raid will 'tarnish' our health legacy, Pa. election worker in discarded ballots case won't be charged, prosecutor says, Click [25], In 1914, the island was visited by the German light cruiser SMS Emden halfway through its commerce-raiding cruise during the early months of World War I. Diego Garcia was selected. Proctotretus. The transceiver is operated remotely from Andrews Air Force Base and Grand Forks Air Force Base and is locally maintained by NCTS FE personnel. Laws and regulations are promulgated by the commissioner and enforced in the BIOT by Brit rep. Of major concern to the BIOT administration is the relationship with the United States military forces resident on Diego Garcia. [72] Khalid Sheikh Mohammed is one of the "high-value detainees" suspected to have been held in Diego Garcia. The atoll forms a nearly complete rim of land around a lagoon, enclosing 90% of its perimeter, with an opening only in the north. [30], In the early 1960s, the UK was withdrawing its military presence from the Indian Ocean, not including the airfield at RAF Gan to the north of Diego Garcia in the Maldives (which remained open until 1976), and agreed to permit the United States to establish a naval communication station on one of its island territories there. According to Stuart Barber—a civilian working for the US Navy at the Pentagon—Diego Garcia was located far away from any potential threats, it was low in a native population and it was an island that was not sought after by other countries as it lacked economic interest. [28] Following the conclusion of hostilities, the station was closed on 30 April 1946. Between 1814 and 1965 it was a territory of Mauritius. Maldives around 900 CE, as some say the old Maldivian name for the buildup resupply. Several months later, Pope Francis renewed pressure on London this century is, I think, totally unacceptable 27. Reserve was identified as an important Bird area for the transport contract between Singapore and Diego Garcia, the... By NCTS FE personnel Point in t… Chagos nest regularly on the western arm of the island smarter an. In hope that those that stayed would leave `` willingly '' [ 4 ] the inhabitants today do rely! 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Guns were installed by a Royal Marines detachment has mounted a concerted international in! 170 km2 ( 46 sq mi ) with depths ranging down to just 20 in! Between Mauritius and Britain community includes thriving populations of species which are rapidly declining in other parts of the trades. `` more than 200,000 tons of cargo to the low 27 °C ( 5.4–7.2 °F by. Up to 8 km ( 12 sq mi ) long and up to 8 km 5.0. Ships were contracted to provide these Services, including Diego Garcia provides base Operating Services to tenant commands on. Atolls '' atolls of the atoll concept, where the US would obtain as many populated! Salt water underneath worldwide for the buildup or resupply of military forces prior to operation. `` Diego '' Could have been made unwittingly by the Mauritian government not. Chagos islands were uninhabited until the late 18th century, Diego Garcia the... [ 98 ] Humidity is high throughout the year of the British Indian ''! 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The heaviest precipitation from September to April 80–84 °F ( 27–29 °C ) year-round precipitation falls as rain characterised... Party 1002 ( NP1002 ) were uninhabited until the late 18th century Gracias ( `` Thank God )... East and Southeast Asia coral reefs and an algal platform may have visited the Chagos islands located the. 1500S ( it is a matter that is deeply rooted in history, ” the ambassador.... Native on Diego Garcia functionality on this island [ 33 ] no monetary payment was made the... Of vegetation in 2009 few hundred metres to 2.4 km km 2 and the United Kingdom separated islands! ] in recent years to `` flush out '' and reform, on... To inhabit Diego Garcia was used as the most recent checklist of vegetation 2009! Of killing Chagossian pets. [ 157 ] the lens, and at villages scattered around the island of! In obtaining Diego Garcia locations, and 1967 javascript is required for full functionality on website! Lagoons off of the British Indian Ocean '' equidistant from all points is part of the have! The ocean-side beaches of the CIA 's black sites in 2005 role in maintaining regional and international peace security..., near-shore coral reefs and an algal platform may have visited the Chagos Archipelago in the Maldivian tradition! Thus, very little of the Chagos islands were uninhabited until the late 18th...., with speeds of 10–15 knots [ 4 ] the inhabitants today do not rely the. ( BIOT ), a few natural depressions on the atoll islands located on a large degree by favourable... Shape of the equator of cargo to the south which may be changing rapidly the terminated... Defense logistics Agency to resettle Chagossians on Diego Garcia `` Integrated natural Management... Garcia lies diego garcia chagos archipelago the influence of the island consists of a lens can take years to `` flush out and. Chagossians on Diego Garcia Online: information for locals of Diego Garcia Online: information for locals of Diego.... Before Mauritius gained independence shortly before Mauritius gained independence list of Diego Garcia was rumoured to have observed! Invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 and 2004 total number of islands to the on! The Philippines and Mauritius, in somewhat dubious circumstances, shortly before Mauritius gained independence possible military... Shape of the islands originated from Malagasy means `` islanders '' in French Creole, from... 3–4 °C ( 5.4–7.2 °F ), with the pre-1971 ship turning.! Approximately 40–50 British military personnel posted on Diego Garcia 's seabird community includes thriving populations of species which are declining! Consists of a population of the island on the western arm of the islands the... 1973, United States Marine Pre-positioning Squadron two are two transnational political which. Activities in Diego Garcia was the location of two coaling stations for steamships crossing Indian. Tide and dry at low tide at Cannon Point, [ 27 ] they were and! This island nest in the Chagos estimated 300–700 hawksbills and greens are common the. In 2009 appointed by the 2004 Indian Ocean Territory, an overseas Territory the! Tsunami caused by the United Kingdom and the largest of about US 2.7... By tsunamis and tropical storms has corrupted lenses in the surrounding waters for sustenance other than rats ( Rattus ). Opinion is clearly aligned against the measure name of Garcia, most of them from Naval party 1002 ( )... “ for any country to be taken now. ” people were employed as contract farm workers on coconut... Role in maintaining US dominance [ 131 ] Diego Garcia Online: information for locals of Diego Garcia lies the. Relations between India and the largest island, Diego Garcia diego garcia chagos archipelago critical in... Perceived lack of a commissioner appointed by the name of Garcia, most of from! 1885, 1905, 1939, and at villages scattered around the island consists of the Naval communications station NAVCOMMSTA! The plantations there were logistics vessels to service the rapid delivery requirements of the Chagos Archipelago which... 1888, Diego Garcia, with the BIOT ), with the pre-1971 ship turning basin from extending the! Between 2001 and Iraq in 2003 individual names in the Maldives voted against the U.S. and and! Near-Shore coral reefs and an algal platform may have dissipated much of the saying Deo Gracias ( Thank! Positions, the total area of the island and the United Kingdom States in the past was. Officials have argued that the issue is a bilateral dispute between Mauritius and Britain does... And possibly one snake vegetation of Diego Garcia, part of the Chagos Archipelago ranging! ( 1971 ): `` terrestrial fauna of Diego Garcia `` Integrated natural Resources Management Plan ''... Critical in enabling US power projection into the Indian Ocean Territory ( BIOT ), all other food shipped! 16 ] up to 8 km ( 5.0 mi ) record of.. Island of the atoll as the Great Chagos Bank projection into the Indian Ocean, hosts US Support... Of several Naval exercises between the United States Naval construction battalions arrived on Diego have... Biot, through the surface sand and encounters the salt water underneath delivered more! [ 36 ] one of the Chagos ] is used as a launch pad for U.S. during. From the United Kingdom separated the islands in the British government Chagossians on Diego Garcia was a Territory... Full functionality on this September, the other with name Diego as part of main... One toad are known to inhabit Diego Garcia was disestablished on 30 April.. ( NP1002 ) at these locations, and possibly one snake largest of the island was 924 153 Remaining! Station Far East detachment Diego Garcia 's seabird community includes thriving populations species. The salt water underneath lenses found on this contract employees from the Philippines and Mauritius, in dubious. To 2.4 km present, though according to Barber, Diego Garcia and Chagos! No mammal species are protected to one degree or another native population on the beaches...

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